Hypnotherapy and the Control of Pain and Symptom Relief in Patients Undergoing Breast Cancer Surgery

In this randomized trial 200 women, who were about to undergo excisional tumour biopsy or lumpectomy, were assigned into one of two groups. The first group received a brief psychologist-conducted hypnosis intervention. The second group received a single non-directed listening session with a psychologist.

Results showed patients in the hypnotherapy group required less sedatives and anaesthesia, during surgery than those who did not receive the treatment. Hypnosis was superior to attention control regarding propofol and lidocaine use; pain, nausea, fatigue, discomfort, and emotional upset at discharge. Furthermore, the hypnosis group spent less time in surgery resulting in lower hospital costs than the control group.

Click here to view this full article.

Hypnosis and the Reduction of Acute Pain and Anxiety in Adolescents undergoing Cancer Related Treatments.

Eighteen adolescents with cancer were trained in self-hypnosis techniques to reduce the discomfort and anxiety associated with bone marrow aspirations, lumbar punctures, and chemotherapeutic injections. Two patients rejected the hypnotherapy. The other sixteen recorded significant reductions in pain, discomfort, distress and anxiety.

Click here to view this articles abstract.

There are two separate studies in this review paper. The first study tests whether a year-long weekly group intervention including hypnosis can reduce cancer pain among women with metastatic breast cancer.

One hundred and twenty four metastatic breast cancer patients were randomly assigned into two groups. Both groups met weekly for a one year in duration. The intervention group received training in hypnosis and self-hypnosis at the end of each session whereas the control group did not. The researchers observed that the benefit of therapy plus hypnosis was that, on average, it helped patients avoid the increases in pain experienced by patients who did not receive hypnotherapy in their treatment.

In the second study forty women with Temporomandibular Disorder were randomly assigned to either a hypnosis intervention group or a relaxation control group. Both groups received four individual 1-hour sessions with take-home compact disc and instructions to practice during the week.

The researchers found that both the relaxation group and the hypnosis group realized significant reductions in the number of painful muscle palpation sites and pain on palpation, the number of awakenings at night, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) symptoms. However, only the hypnosis group significantly reduced the daily pain ratings and increased the use of critical coping strategies.

Click here to view this full article.

Click here to view this articles abstract.